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Conference Information

Full Title: Multimodal Turn-Taking

Location: Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Start Date: 16-Jul-2017 - 16-Jul-2017
Contact: Elisabeth Zima
Meeting Email: click here to access email
Meeting Description: As early as 1967, Adam Kendon argued for the relevance of gaze for turn-taking in conversation and throughout the 1970’s and 1980’s occasional studies explored turn-taking in its natural, multimodal habitat (Argyle & Cook 1976, Duncan & Fiske 1977, Goodwin 1980, 1981). Nonetheless, the purely verbal outline of the turn-taking machinery (somewhat symptomatically referred to as the speech exchange system) as it was proposed in the foundational paper by Sachs, Schegloff & Jefferson (1974) has remained largely unquestioned until very recently. The growing interest in the multimodal dynamics of the turn-taking process has primarily concerned gaze behavior (Jokinen 2010; Rossano 2012, 2013; Streeck 2014; Holler & Kendrick 2015; Oben 2015; Oben & Brône 2015; Brône et al. forthcoming; Auer, under review) but selected studies also demonstrate the need to take gesture and posture into account (Schmitt 2005; Mondada 2007, 2013; Deppermann 2013; Selting 2013). However, many issues remain to be explored to uncover the rules that govern the multimodal turn-taking machinery. This panel seeks to bring together researchers working on issues of multimodal turn-taking from different theoretical perspectives (most notably CA and cognitive multimodality research) with different methodologies (video analysis and mobile eye tracking) and different empirical focus (dyadic and multi-party interaction, experimental and natural settings, and different activities such as e.g. storytelling versus discussing or arguing).

The panel seeks to address topics as diverse as:

- In which ways is the gaze behavior of dyadic interactions different from how speakers use gaze to claim and allocate turns in multi-party interactions?
- Do the rules that Goodwin (1980) has argued to govern gaze behavior in dyadic interactions also apply to conversations of more than two participants?
- Does the use of unobtrusive eye-tracking technology produce novel insights into the rules & dynamics of eye gaze behavior as part of turn-taking?
- What role do hand and head gestures as well as proxemics play in the process of turn-taking? And how do they relate to the above-mentioned gaze patterns?
- Is the importance of gesture use affected by the number of participants of a conversation, their spatial arrangement, their level of acquaintance, or the activity they are engaged in?
- Is there a hierarchy of multimodal cues in turn-taking, such as e.g. mutual gaze is obligatory to allocate a turn while deictic hand gesture or deictic head nods are optional?
Linguistic Subfield: Discourse Analysis
LL Issue: 27.2885

This is a session of the following meeting:
15th International Pragmatics Conference

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